No Genome is an Island Extra References 5


5. Multiple Cell Fusions in the Evolution of Photosynthetic Eukaryotes.


·      Paulinella Symbiogenesis. (Mackiewicz, Bodyl et al. 2012; Nowack and Grossman 2012; Nowack, Price et al. 2016)


·      Secondary algal endosymbiogenesis. (Qiu, Yoon et al. 2013)


·      Tertiary plastid symbiogenesis. (Nosenko, Lidie et al. 2006; Patron, Waller et al. 2006; Danne, Gornik et al. 2012; Hehenberger, Imanian et al. 2014)


·      Plastid transfer to the nucleus. (Moreira and Deschamps 2014)


·      Plastid repurposing in non-photosynthetic species. (Fichera and Roos 1997; Kohler, Delwiche et al. 1997; Revill, Stanley et al. 2005; Barbrook, Howe et al. 2006; de Koning and Keeling 2006; Krause 2008; Tonkin, Foth et al. 2008; Wickett, Fan et al. 2008; Wiesner, Reichenberg et al. 2008; Lau, McElwain et al. 2009; McNeal, Kuehl et al. 2009; Stiller, Huang et al. 2009)





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Danne, J. C., S. G. Gornik, et al. (2012). "An assessment of vertical inheritance versus endosymbiont transfer of nucleus-encoded genes for mitochondrial proteins following tertiary endosymbiosis in Karlodinium micrum." Protist 163(1): 76-90.

de Koning, A. P. and P. J. Keeling (2006). "The complete plastid genome sequence of the parasitic green alga Helicosporidium sp. is highly reduced and structured." BMC Biol 4: 12.

Fichera, M. E. and D. S. Roos (1997). "A plastid organelle as a drug target in apicomplexan parasites." Nature 390(6658): 407-409.

Hehenberger, E., B. Imanian, et al. (2014). "Evidence for the retention of two evolutionary distinct plastids in dinoflagellates with diatom endosymbionts." Genome Biol Evol 6(9): 2321-2334.

Kohler, S., C. F. Delwiche, et al. (1997). "A plastid of probable green algal origin in Apicomplexan parasites." Science 275(5305): 1485-1489.

Krause, K. (2008). "From chloroplasts to "cryptic" plastids: evolution of plastid genomes in parasitic plants." Curr Genet 54(3): 111-121.

Lau, A. O., T. F. McElwain, et al. (2009). "Babesia bovis: a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of plastid-encoded genes supports green algal origin of apicoplasts." Exp Parasitol 123(3): 236-243.

Mackiewicz, P., A. Bodyl, et al. (2012). "Possible import routes of proteins into the cyanobacterial endosymbionts/plastids of Paulinella chromatophora." Theory Biosci 131(1): 1-18.

McNeal, J. R., J. V. Kuehl, et al. (2009). "Parallel loss of plastid introns and their maturase in the genus Cuscuta." PLoS One 4(6): e5982.

Moreira, D. and P. Deschamps (2014). "What was the real contribution of endosymbionts to the eukaryotic nucleus? Insights from photosynthetic eukaryotes." Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 6(7): a016014.

Nosenko, T., K. L. Lidie, et al. (2006). "Chimeric plastid proteome in the Florida "red tide" dinoflagellate Karenia brevis." Mol Biol Evol 23(11): 2026-2038.

Nowack, E. C. and A. R. Grossman (2012). "Trafficking of protein into the recently established photosynthetic organelles of Paulinella chromatophora." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109(14): 5340-5345.

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Qiu, H., H. S. Yoon, et al. (2013). "Algal endosymbionts as vectors of horizontal gene transfer in photosynthetic eukaryotes." Front Plant Sci 4: 366.

Revill, M. J., S. Stanley, et al. (2005). "Plastid genome structure and loss of photosynthetic ability in the parasitic genus Cuscuta." J Exp Bot 56(419): 2477-2486.

Stiller, J. W., J. Huang, et al. (2009). "Are algal genes in nonphotosynthetic protists evidence of historical plastid endosymbioses?" BMC Genomics 10: 484.

Tonkin, C. J., B. J. Foth, et al. (2008). "Evolution of malaria parasite plastid targeting sequences." Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(12): 4781-4785.

Wickett, N. J., Y. Fan, et al. (2008). "Distribution and evolution of pseudogenes, gene losses, and a gene rearrangement in the plastid genome of the nonphotosynthetic liverwort, Aneura mirabilis (Metzgeriales, Jungermanniopsida)." J Mol Evol 67(1): 111-122.

Wiesner, J., A. Reichenberg, et al. (2008). "The plastid-like organelle of apicomplexan parasites as drug target." Curr Pharm Des 14(9): 855-871.